The 1st Period is a period of time.

The Neo-Assyrian Empire develops, followed by the Achaemenids. In Greece, Classical Antiquity begins with the colonization of Magna Graecia and peaks with the rise of Hellenism. The close of the millennium sees the rise of the Roman Empire. In South Asia, the Vedic civilization blends into the Maurya Empire. The early Celts dominate Central Europe while Northern Europe is in the Pre-Roman Iron Age. The Scythians dominate Central Asia. In China, the Spring and Autumn period sees the rise of Confucianism. Towards the close of the millennium, the Han Dynasty extends Chinese power towards Central Asia, where it borders on Indo-Greek and Iranian states. Yayoi period in Japanese islands. The Maya civilization rises in Central America, while in Africa, Ancient Egypt begins its decline, rise of the Nubian Empire, and Aksum's birth. The religions of Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Hinduism (Vedic religion and Vedanta), Jainism and Buddhism develop. Graeco-Roman Europe, India and China see the rise of literature.

Events Edit

The events in this section are organized according to the United Nations geoscheme

Events of the 1st millennium BC
   Africa America Asia Europe Oceania
10th century BC 1000 BC rise of Nok culture

1000 BC decline of Tichit -Walata
1000 Beginning of East/South Bantu expansion

1000 BC rise of Chavín de Huántar in Peru[1]

1000 BC Settlement of Poverty Point, Louisiana reached its height[1]

c. 1000 BC Israelites capture Jerusalem

967 BC Solomon anointed king of Israel
925 BC Judah secedes from Israel, Shoshenq I invades Canaan

1000 BC Helladic period ended in Ancient Greece   
9th century BC 872 BC Nile floods the Temple of Luxor

836 BC Civil war in Egypt
814 BC Carthage founded

900 BC La Venta replaces San Lorenzo (Olmec)[1]

900 BC Rise of Tres Zapotes
850 BC Rise of Zapotec civilization in Mexico[1]

841 BC to 828 BC Gonghe Regency  863 BC Bath founded   
8th century BC 740 BC Kushite Piye begins reign

727 BC Kush conquers Egypt, 25 dynasty
701 BC Kushites repels Assyrians from Jerusalem

800 BC Kaminaljuyuestablished (Maya)

800 BC Rise of Adena culturein Ohio[1]
800 BC Beginning of corncultivation on Amazon flood plain[1]

771 BC Spring and Autumn period

738 BC Assyria invades Israel 727 BC Babylonia secedes from Assyria 722 BC Israel is conquered by Assyria

800 BC rise of Etruscan civilization

776 BC first Olympiad
753 BC Rome founded

7th century BC 700 BC Pre-Aksumite

674 BC Taharqa defeats Assyrian invasion
671 BC Kushites expelled from Egypt by Assyrians

700 BC Poverty Point(Louisiana) abandoned[1]

700 BC Many temple centres abandoned on coast of Peru[1]

700 BC Upanishads written

631 BC End of the Assyrian Empire

6th century BC 592 BC Psamtik II sack Napata

600 BC Iron making around Great Lakes region
c. 600 BC, Nok culture iron smelting

600 BC Rise of Paracas culture (Peru)[1]

600 BC writing systemappears in Mexico
600 BC Ball courts appear in Olmec centres[1]

539 BC Persians conquer Babylon

528 BC Buddhism founded

509 BC Roman Republicestablished   
5th century BC 500 BC Trans-saharan trade in full bloom from Morocco to Senegal River

500 BC Meroe becomes center of iron production
500 BC Development of Ge'ez alphabet

500 BC Northwest Coast native peoples begin to flourish[1]

500 BC Hieroglyphic inscriptions produced in Zapotec centre of Monte Albán[1]
450 BC Mound building in eastern North America[1]

479 BC Confucius dies

476 BC Beginning of Warring States period

450 BC Tanakh compiled 486 BC Grand Canal begun

490 BC Battle of Marathon

480 BC Battle of Thermopylae
431 BC Peloponnesian War

500 BC Austronesian peoplessettle Western Polynesia
4th century BC 343 BC Persia conquers Egypt

338 Khabash revolts against Persian occupation
332 BC Alexander conquers Egypt

400 BC Emergence of Mochecivilisation in Peru[1]

350 BC Beginnings of Nasca culture in southern Peru
350 BC Inca metal work[1]

334 BC Greece conquers Persia

321 BC Rise of the Mauryan Empire

395 BC Corinthian War   
3rd century BC 300 BC Tifinagh script developed

300 BC Meroe becomes capital of Kush
202 BC Battle of Zama

250 BC First Mayan hieroglyphics

300 BC The double-spout-and-bridge bottle becomes widespread[1]
250 BC Grave Creek Moundbuilt in West Virginia

221 BC Qin Unified China

206 BC Han Dynasty 261 BC Kalinga war

264 BC First Punic War

218 BC Second Punic War

2nd century BC 200 BC Djenné settled

200 BC Meroitic script in completed form
146 BC Carthage final defeat, Roman province of Africa

200 BC Zapotec state develops in Mexico[1]

200 BC Great temple complex declines at Chavín de Huántar, Peru[1]
200 BC Elite Calima cultureburials with rich grave-goods deposited in Malagana, Colombia[1]

185 BC Fall of the Maurya Empire

136 BC to 124 BCConfucianism became the state ideology of China 114 BC Silk Road route expanded

149 BC Third Punic War

146 BC Battle of Corinth

1st century BC  100 BC Aksum develops its Indian, Red Sea trade links

31 BC Rome conquers Egypt
20 BC Meroites thwart Roman conquest

100 BC Rise of the Hopewell exchange system along the Mississippi[2]

100 BC Rise of Teotihuacánin Mexico[2]
50 BC Rise of the Iputiak in Alaska[2]

91 BC Records of the Grand Historian finished 31 BC Battle of Actium   

Significant people Edit

The people in this section are organized according to the United Nations geoscheme

Significant people of the 1st millennium BC
   Africa America Asia Europe Oceania
10th century BC Psusennes I

Psusennes II
Shoshenq I

King David of Israel

Zoroaster (proposed)

9th century BC Osorkon I

Takelot II
Shoshenq II

   Parshvanatha[3] Homer   
8th century BC Alara




Romulus and Remus   
7th century BC Taharqa

Psamtik I

Jeremiah Numa Pompilius   
6th century BC Aspelta

Psamtik II


Lao Zi Sun Tzu Zoroaster (proposed) Cyrus the Great



5th century BC Baskakeren

Hanno II

   Gautama Buddha

Darius I of Persia



4th century BC Khabash

Mago II




Alexander the Great

3rd century BC Hannibal



Qin Shi Huang



2nd century BC Hasdrubal the Boeotarch


   Jonathan Maccabaeus

Emperor Wu of Han

1st century BC  Amanitore


   Herod the Great

Sima Qian


Julius Caesar


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